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Traditional Latin Mass, Divine Office & Sacraments

The Divine Office

The most important prayer that the Church offers to Almighty God after the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the Officium Divinum, or Divine Office, contained in a liturgical book called the Breviarium Romanum, or Roman Breviary. In fact, the Mass is part of the Divine Office, and they are so intertwined in the public liturgy of the Church that one is really incomplete without the other.

This same Office is chanted by monks in traditional monasteries and nuns in traditional convents, and is recited by members of lay orders and devout Catholic faithful. To give praise and glory to God throughout the hours of the day in the name of the Church, the clergy are placed under the duty of praying it daily. From this fact, it is called the Office, the word in this sense coming from the Latin word officium, meaning duty. Recent popes, like Pope St. Pius X and Pope Pius XII, have encouraged the laity to participate in saying the Office as well and for this reason have bestowed rich indulgences upon those of the faithful who do so.

The Divine Office itself is made up of the 150 psalms of the Old Testament, so divided throughout the seven days of the week that all the psalms are recited in one week. The psalms, the divinely-inspired poetical prayers, principally of King David, have always been the center of the Church's liturgical worship, just as they were at the temple during Old Testament times.

Besides the psalms, there are readings from Sacred Scripture, commentaries on Sacred Scripture from the Fathers and Doctors of the Church, and short accounts of the lives of the Saints. These readings follow the Church's calendar of liturgical seasons and feasts of the Saints. St. Vincent de Paul (1581?-1660) tells us that "the Divine Office is the school of all virtues. The master who teaches us in it is the Holy Ghost, the source of all truth; it is also the Prophets, Apostles, and Saints of God."

The Divine Office is divided into eight Hours, according as God is to be praised continuously throughout the hours of the day. If one observes the ancient times, Matins and Lauds are prayed before sunrise. Prime, Terce, Sext, and None are prayed during the first, third, sixth, and ninth hours of daylight. (For example, Scripture tells us that Our Lord hung on the cross from the sixth to the ninth hour, that is, from 12:00 to 15:00.) Vespers is said as dusk falls, followed by Compline, which completes the day and the cycle of hours. However, the Hours may be said at any time at one's convenience.

In order that the faithful Mass partake in at least some part of this highly-indulgenced prayer of the Church, TRADITIO is making available in this section extracts that may easily be printed out and prayed. For simplicity the text and rubrics of this online edition are given for only one person reciting the Office, one Hour separately at a time. The text is given for the Sunday and ferial Psalter, and Propers, when required, are taken from the Common of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

The Divine Office given here is that taken from the 1942 version of the Breviarium Romanum, which is available for download in its entirety in PDF format from www.essan.org/BreviariumRomanum/breviariumromanum.html. This is the latest version that has not been affected by the introduction of "modernizing" influences in the traditional Divine Office. The following graphic illustrates the devolution of the Divine Office, including the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass:

The Descent into the Black Hole of the Liturgical "New Order"

These are the main steps that gradually led to the full-blown implementation of the invalid "New Mass" of 1969:

1945 - "New" Latin ("Pius XII") Psalter introduced
1951 - Easter Vigil changed
1954 - Vulgar tongues introduced into Sacraments
1956 - Traditional rubrics of Mass, Divine Office, and Holy Week changed
1960 - Traditional rubrics of Mass and Divine Office changed again
1962 - Sacred Apostolic Roman Canon of Mass changed
1964 - Vulgar tongues introduced into Mass
1967 - Dogmatic form of Mass Consecration changed
1968 - New Order of Ordination for Bishops, Presbyters, and Deacons introduced
1969 - New Order Service (formerly "Mass") introduced

The Divine Office, Mass, Sacraments, and Other Rites
In Latin and English

(Divine Office) (Mass) (Sacraments) (Blessings) (Historical Recordings) (Audio Files)



Divine Office

File
Description
GLOSSARY.HTM
Learning the Breviary: A Brief Dictionary of Terms for Reference
PSALMS.TXT
Arrangement of the Psalms according to the Hours and Days of the Week
SUNMATIN.HTM
Sunday Matins
SUNLAUD1.HTM
Sunday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
SUNLAUD2.HTM
Sunday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
SUNPRIM.HTM
Sunday Prime
SUNTERC.HTM
Sunday Terce
SUNSEXT.HTM
Sunday Sext
SUNNONE.HTM
Sunday None
SUNVESP.HTM
Sunday Vespers
SUNCOMP.HTM
Sunday Compline
MONMATIN.HTM
Monday Matins
MONLAUD1.HTM
Monday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
MONLAUD2.HTM
Monday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
MONPRIM.HTM
Monday Prime
MONTERC.HTM
Monday Terce
MONSEXT.HTM
Monday Sext
MONNONE.HTM
Monday None
MONVESP.HTM
Monday Vespers
MONCOMP.HTM
Monday Compline
TUEMATIN.HTM
Tuesday Matins
TUELAUD1.HTM
Tuesday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
TUELAUD2.HTM
Tuesday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
TUEPRIM.HTM
Tuesday Prime
TUETERC.HTM
Tuesday Terce
TUESEXT.HTM
Tuesday Sext
TUENONE.HTM
Tuesday None
TUEVESP.HTM
Tuesday Vespers
TUECOMP.HTM
Tuesday Compline
WEDMATIN.HTM
Wednesday Matins
WEDLAUD1.HTM
Wednesday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
WEDLAUD2.HTM
Wednesday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
WEDPRIM.HTM
Wednesday Prime
WEDTERC.HTM
Wednesday Terce
WEDSEXT.HTM
Wednesday Sext
WEDNONE.HTM
Wednesday None
WEDVESP.HTM
Wednesday Vespers
WEDCOMP.HTM
Wednesday Compline
THUMATIN.HTM
Thursday Matins
THULAUD1.HTM
Thursday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
THULAUD2.HTM
Thursday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
THUPRIM.HTM
Thursday Prime
THUTERC.HTM
Thursday Terce
THUSEXT.HTM
Thursday Sext
THUNONE.HTM
Thursday None
THUVESP.HTM
Thursday Vespers
THUCOMP.HTM
Thursday Compline
FRIMATIN.HTM
Friday Matins
FRILAUD1.HTM
Friday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
FRILAUD2.HTM
Friday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
FRIPRIM.HTM
Friday Prime
FRITERC.HTM
Friday Terce
FRISEXT.HTM
Friday Sext
FRINONE.HTM
Friday None
FRIVESP.HTM
Friday Vespers
FRICOMP.HTM
Friday Compline
SATMATIN.HTM
Saturday Matins
SATLAUD1.HTM
Saturday Lauds I (Non-penitential Seasons)
SATLAUD2.HTM
Saturday Lauds II (Penitential Seasons)
SATPRIM.HTM
Saturday Prime
SATTERC.HTM
Saturday Terce
SATSEXT.HTM
Saturday Sext
SATNONE.HTM
Saturday None
SATVESP.HTM
Saturday Vespers
SATCOMP.HTM
Saturday Compline

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Mass

File
Description
ASPERGES.HTM
De Aspersione Aquae Benedictae
GRATIARU.HTM
Gratiarium Actio post Missam
INDUENDO.HTM
Orationes Dicendae cum Sacerdos Induitur Sacerdotalibus Paramentis
MASSCONG.TXT
Postures for the Congregation at the Traditional Latin Mass: Low, Missa Cantata, High (The Fathers)
MASSTEXT.HTM
Ordinary of the Traditional Latin Mass in Latin and English
PRAEPARA.HTM
Praeparatio ad Missam pro Opportunitate Sacerdotis Facienda
REQTEXT.HTM
Missa Defunctorum - Daily Mass for the Dead
SERVER.PDF
Mass Server's Card: with rubrics and phonetic pronunciation
SERVER1.PDF
Manner of Serving Mass - One Server: with rubrics
SERVER2.PDF
Manner of Serving Mass - Two Servers: with rubrics
SERVING.TXT
Advice to Altar Servers

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Sacraments

File
Description
BAPTPAR.HTM
Rituale Romanum 1952 II.2: Ordo Baptismi Parvulorum / The Rite for the Baptism of Children (Latin/English)
CONFIRMA.HTM
Rituale Romanum III.2: Ritus Servandus a Sacerdote Sacramentum Confirmationis Aegroto in Periculo Mortis Constituto Administrante Vi Apostolici Indulti / The Rite to Be Observed by a Priest Administering the Sacrament of Confirmation to a Sick Person in Danger of Death by Force of Apostolic Indult (Latin/English)
CONFIRMB.HTM
Rituale Romanum III.3: Ritus Servandus a Sacerdote Sacramentum Confirmationis Fidelibus extra Mortis Periculum Constitutis Administrante ex Sedis Apostolicę Delegatione / The Rite to Be Observed by a Priest Administering the Sacrament of Confirmation to Faithful outside the Danger of Death by Delegation of the Apostolic See (Latin/English)
ABSOLUTI.HTM
Rituale Romanum IV.2: De Sacramento Paenitentiae, Absolutionis Forma Communis / The Sacrament of Penance, Common Form of Absolution (Latin/English)
COMMEXTR.HTM
Rituale Romanum V.2: Ordo Administrandi Sacram Communionem / The Rite for the Administration of Holy Communion outside Mass (Latin/English)
EXTREME.HTM
Rituale Romanum VI.2: Ordo Administrandi Sacramentum Extremae Unctionis / The Rite for the Administration of Extreme Unction (Latin/English)
MATRIM.HTM
Rituale Romanum VIII.2: Ritus Celebrandi Matrimonii Sacramentum / The Rite for the Celebration of the Sacrament of Matrimony (Latin/English)
PROPRIAE.HTM
Rituale Romanum Appendix: Benedictiones Propriae / Particular Blessings (Latin/English)
CONFIRMP.HTM
Pontificale Romanum 1891 I: De Confirmandis
CLERICO.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Clerico Faciendo
OSTIARIO.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Ostiariorum
LECTORUM.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Lectorum
EXORCIST.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Exorcistarum
ACOLYTHO.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Acolythorum
SUBDIACO.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Subdiaconorum
DIACONO.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Diaconorum
PRESBYTE.HTM
Pontificale Romanum I: De Ordinatione Presbyterorum

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Blessings

File
Description
AQUABENE.HTM
Rituale Romanum 1952 VIII.2: Ordo ad Faciendam Aquam Benedictam
PROPRIAE.HTM
Rituale Romanum IX.11: Benedictiones Propriae
BARBA.HTM
Pontificale Romanum 1891 III: De Barba Tondenda
PSALMIST.HTM
Pontificale Romanum III: De Officio Psalmistatus
BENEDICT.HTM
Ad Benedictionem Augustissimi Altaris Sacramenti
EXORCISM.HTM
Exorcismus in Satanam et Angelicos Apostaticos

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Historical Recordings

File
Description
12PATER.MP3
(1:58, 2,772 KB)
The Pater Noster, Recited by Pope Pius XII
12HOLYYR.MP3
(9:18, 13,105 KB)
Ceremonies of Opening the Door for the Holy Year on January 2, 1950, with Prayers and Apostolic Benediction Chanted in Latin by Pope Pius XII
12EASTER.MP3
(17:41, 24,873 KB)
Traditional Latin Easter Pontifical Mass, Chanted by Pope Pius XII, with Sermon in Latin
23CANON.MP3
(8:52, 12,472 KB)
Traditional Latin Canonization of Blessed Fr. Vincent Pallotti in 1963 by John XXIII
23CLOSE.MP3
(10:59, 15,459 KB)
Closing Ceremonies of the Second Vatican Council on December 8, 1962, with an Address in Latin by John XXIII
23ANGEL.MP3
(4:05, 5,758 KB)
Sunday Noon Recitation of the Angelus, the Prayer to the Guardian Angel, the Versicles for the Dead, and the Apostolic Blessing, Given in Latin from the Papal Balcony by John XXIII
BETHLEHEM1.MP3
(12:41, 11,899 KB)
Sunday Noon Recitation of the Angelus, the Prayer to the Guardian Angel, the Versicles for the Dead, and the Apostolic Blessing, Given in Latin from the Papal Balcony by John XXIII
BETHLEHEM1.MP3
(12:41, 11,899 KB)
Christmas at St. Catherine's Basilica at Bethlehem 1967 - Traditional Latin Matins
BETHLEHEM2.MP3
(21:40 20,316 KB)
Christmas at St. Catherine's Basilica at Bethlehem 1967 - Traditional Latin High Mass, Part I
BETHLEHEM3.MP3
(22:47 21,364 KB)
Christmas at St. Catherine's Basilica at Bethlehem 1967 - Traditional Latin High Mass, Part II

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Traditional Roman Catholic Liturgy Series (Audio)

File
Description
CELCHAN1.MP3
(21:06, 7292 KB)
Celebrant's Chant at a Sung Mass: An explanation of all the parts of a Missa Cantata to be sung by the celebrant; the description of each part is accompanied by chanted examples, including both the Ordinary and Proper of the Mass - Part I
CELCHAN2.MP3
(15:21, 3600 KB)
Celebrant's Chant at a Sung Mass - Part II
CELCHHS1.MP3
(31:01, 7290 KB)
Celebrant's Chant on Holy Saturday: A chanting of the celebrant's part on Holy Saturday, together with a commentary on some of the basic principles of the chant involved - Part I.
CELCHHS2.MP3
(25:40, 5338 KB)
Celebrant's Chant on Holy Saturday - Part II.
1960RUB1.MP3
(30:29, 7160 KB)
General Rubrics of the Roman Breviary and Missal: An introduction to the General Rubrics of the Roman Breviary and Missal promulgated by Pope John XXIII in 1960, followed by a chapter-by-chapter summary of the rubrics pertaining jointly to the Roman Breviary and Missal - Part I
1960RUB2.MP3
(19:05, 4479 KB)
General Rubrics of the Roman Breviary and Missal - Part II
1960RUB3.MP3
(31:04, 7286 KB)
General Rubrics of the Roman Breviary and Missal - Part III
1960RUB4.MP3
(00:51, 205 KB)
General Rubrics of the Roman Breviary and Missal - Part IV
PRACMIS1.MP3
(30:56, 7272 KB)
Practicum on Using the Missal, Practicum on the Ferial Office: (1) A step-by-step example on setting up the Missal for the correct Propers and other parts of the Mass; (2) a step-by-step example on reciting the Divine Office for the Major Hours of a ferial day - Part I
PRACMIS2.MP3
(30:43, 7201 KB)
Practicum on Using the Missal, Practicum on the Ferial Office - Part II
PRACCOM1.MP3
(28:20, 6646 KB)
Practicum on Latin in the Mass, Common of the Saints: A reading in Ecclesiastical Latin of the Propers of six Common Masses: of a Martyr Pontiff, Martyr Not Pontiff, Confessor Pontiff, Doctor, Confessor Not Pontiff, and Abbott - Part I
PRACCOM2.MP3
(23:01, 5402 KB)
Practicum on Latin in the Mass, Common of the Saints - Part II
PRONLAT1.MP3
(29:55, 7,032 KB)
Pronunciation of Ecclesiastical Latin: An introduction to the principles of pronouncing ecclesiastical Latin, followed by a sound-by-sound description with examples and concluded by a complete reading of the Nicene Creed, Gloria, and Sanctus - Part I
PRONLAT2.MP3
(30:57, 7,273 KB)
Pronunciation of Ecclesiastical Latin - Part II
SERVLOW1.MP3
(31:32, 7408 KB)
Serving Low Mass, Responses and Ceremonial: A practice involving all of the server's Latin responses at Low Mass, together with a summary of the ceremonial of serving Low Mass and selected Latin prayers for before and after Mass (1962 Missal) - Part I.
SERVLOW2.MP3
(24:43, 5808 KB)
Serving Low Mass, Responses and Ceremonial: A practice involving all of the server's Latin responses at Low Mass, together with a summary of the ceremonial of serving Low Mass and selected Latin prayers for before and after Mass - Part II.
USELAT1.MP3
(29:43, 6855 KB)
Useful Latin Prayers: The prayers of the Marian Rosary, the Roman catechism, and the litanies of the Church - Part I.
USELAT2.MP3
(28:54, 6792 KB)
Useful Latin Prayers - Part II.

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